The Essential Religious Practices test is a judicially evolved concept adopted by the Courts to provide constitutional protection to such practices, which are essential to the observance, and practice of a religion.

1952
Durgah Committee, Ajmer & Anr. vs. Syed Hussain Ali & Ors.
1954
The Commissioner, Hindu Religious Endowments, Madras vs. Shri Lakshmindar Tirtha Swamiyar of Shri Shirur Mutt
1959
Sardar Sarup Singh & Ors. vs State of Punjab & Ors.
1962
Sardar Syedna Taher Saiffuddin Saheb vs. State of Bombay
1963
Tilkayat Shri Govindlaji Maharj vs. State of Rajasthan
1972
Seshammal & Ors vs. State of Tamil Nadu
1997
Sri Adi Visheshwara of Kashi Vishwanath Temple, Varanasi & Ors. vs. State of UP & Ors
2004
Commissioner of Police & Ors. vs. Acharya Jagadisharananda Avadhuta & Anr.
2016
Adi Saiva Sivachariyargal Nala Sangam& Ors. vs Government of Tamil Nadu
2017
Shayara Bano vs. Union of India