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Case Description

The Supreme Court held that the High Court cannot annul the marriage of an adult under Article 226.

Background

This case pertains to Akhila’s conversion to Islam, therafter assuming the name ‘Hadiya’, and her subsequent marriage to Mr. Shafin Jahan, who practices Islam. Akhila says that she converted to Islam during her medical studies in Coimbatore before she met Shafin. After knowing of the marriage, Akhila’s father filed a Writ Petition in the Kerala High Court alleging that she was misled, misguided and forced to become a Muslim. He also alleged that Akhila’s husband has links with extremist Muslim organisations. Hadiya maintained through the High Court proceedings that her conversion to Islam as well as marriage to Shafin Jahan was of her own volition.

However, on 24th May 2017, Justices Surendra Mohan Kuriakose and Abraham Mathew of the Kerala High Court, called the marriage a ‘sham’ and annuled it. The judgment observed that “her [Hadiya’s] marriage being the most important decision in her life, can only be taken only with the active involvement of her parents” and ordered Hadiya to be sent to her parental custody despite her wishing against it.

Hadiya’s husband, Mr. Shafin Jahan approached the Supreme Court, challenging the annulment. On 8th March 2018, the Supreme Court set aside the annulment. On 9th April 2018, it passed the judgement explaining the reasoning behind its decision. 

Issues

Does the High Court have the power to annul the marriage of an adult under Article 226?

Judges