Case Description

The case will decide which party has the title to the disputed Babri Masjid-Ram Janmabhoomi site.

Background

The Babri Masjid-Ram Janmabhoomi dispute is based on the belief that Lord Ram was born 9,00,000 years ago in a room located under what was the central dome of the Babri Masjid. The masjid was built on the orders of Mughal emperor Babur in the 16th century and had occupied 1,482.5 square yards.

In 1991, the Uttar Pradesh government acquired the land around the structure for the convenience of devotees coming to worship Lord Ram. 1n 1992, the Babri Mosque was demolished by the Kar Sevaks. In 1993, the Centre became the statutory receiver of the disputed 67.7 acres of land under the Acquisition of Certain Area at Ayodhya Ordinance, 1993 which was subsequently replaced by the Ayodhya ActThe Supreme Court struck down the Ayodhya Act as unconstitutional.

In 2002, hearings began before the Allahabad High Court  to determine who has 'title' to the disputed land. On September 30th 2010, a three-judge Division Bench of the Allahabad High Court at Lucknow held that although the site is indeed the birthplace of Ram, all parties are held to be in joint possession of the entire premises in dispute. The Bench ordered a partition of the site equally among the U.P. Sunni Central Waqf Board, Nirmohi Akhara and Ram Lalla (the deity).

The decision was appealed by the Sunni Waqf Board at the Supreme Court. In May 2011, the Supreme Court stayed the Allahabad High Court judgment. The stay ensured status quo: one priest would continue to worship in the makeshift temple built at the site.

The appeals are now being heard by a three-judge bench comprising CJI Dipak Misra, Justices Ashok Bhushan and Abdul Nazeer.

Issues

Which party, Sunni Wakf Board or Ram Lalla has title to Babri-Ramjanmbhoomi site?

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