The case will decide which party has the title to the disputed Babri Masjid-Ram Janmabhoomi site.
The Babri Masjid-Ram Janmabhoomi dispute is based on the belief that Lord Ram was born 9,00,000 years ago in a room located under what was the central dome of the Babri Masjid. The masjid was built on the orders of Mughal emperor Babur in the 16th century and had occupied 1,482.5 square yards.
In 1991, the Uttar Pradesh government acquired the land around the structure for the convenience of devotees coming to worship Lord Ram. 1n 1992, the Babri Mosque was demolished by the Kar Sevaks. In 1993, the Centre became the statutory receiver of the disputed 67.7 acres of land under the Acquisition of Certain Area at Ayodhya Ordinance, 1993 which was subsequently replaced by the Ayodhya Act. The Supreme Court struck down the Ayodhya Act as unconstitutional.
In 2002, hearings began before the Allahabad High Court on to determine who owns the site. On September 30th 2010, a three-judge Division Bench of the Allahabad High Court at Lucknow held that although the site is indeed the birthplace of Ram, both the parties are held to be in joint possession of the entire premises in dispute. The Bench ordered a partition of the site equally among the U.P. Sunni Central Waqf Board, Nirmohi Akhara and Ram Lalla (the deity).
The decision was appealed by the Sunni Waqf Board at the Supreme Court. In May 2011, the Supreme Court stayed the Allahabad High Court judgment. The stay ensured status quo: one priest would continue to worship in the makeshift temple built at the site.
The appeals are now listed for a hearing before a Bench comprising Chief Justice Dipak Misra, Justice Ashok Bhushan and Justice Abdul Nazeer. The Court is required to examine documents written in Persian and Arabic, dating back to the 16th century.
Who has the title to the disputed property?
Judgment of the Allahabad High Court
Order of the Supreme Court staying the Allahabad High Court Judgment
The Acquisition of Certain Area at Ayodhya Act, 1993
Writ Petition by Shia Waqf Board
Counter Affidavit by Shia Waqf Board
Read our reports of the hearings here:
Summary of Day 1 hearing
Summary of Day 2 hearing
Mr Kapil Sibal, Mr Rajeev Dhavan, Mr Harish Salve, Mr Dushyant Dave, and other counsels argue over the status of translation of documents. Court directs Advocates-on-record to ensure filing of documents within 8.2.2018, and file a common memorandum when they are ready. Listed on 8.2.2018
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